Srimadbhagvadgita is one of the most renowned and acclaimed book containing the essence of Hindu philosophy. It is the dialogue between Lord Krishna and Arjun in the battle field. Arjun gets confused about his duty seeing his relatives, friends and others against whom he has to fight. His enemy was standing opposite him in the battle field and at that time he refuses to fight. In these circumstances Lord Krishna tells him the importance and necessity of fulfilling ones duty. He tells him that "no one can remain even for a moment without activity. Everyone is driven to action helplessly according to the qualities borne of the modes of Nature (Trigunas)". The Srimadbhagwat Gita states that the Trigunas never remain static. They keep on competing with each other as a result of which activities are performed. All actions are actually carried out by the Trigunas of the Prakriti, but the soul bewildered by the association with false ego thinks itself to be the doer. It is the false ego that leads one to think that he is the doer of everything. He associates himself with the body and mind, not realising that the gross body (his physical body) as well as the subtle body (his mind) are the creation of the Nature (Maya). Such a person owns up the action and takes upon himself all the credit for doing everything independently.
But when one perceives the three modes of the Nature as the originator of all actions, one comes out of the delusion and has a glimpse of the Truth. One perceives that it is the Trigunas of the Prakriti that originate action only by acquiring the knowledge. This knowledge enables him to come out of the delusion and to know his real position vis-a-vis the truth of action. One who has risen above the three modes of the Nature i.e. one who has perceived this reality of action originating from the Trigunas, reaches the threshold of liberation, as the cause of birth and death lies in owning up the action.
It is, however, important to understand the true nature of action and the difference between action and duty. The bondage resulting from one's actions can be broken only through an action without desire being associated with it, and not by renouncing one's duty. One who outwardly restrains the organs of senses and action but dwells mentally on them is a pretender and a man of deluded intellect. On the other hand, one who exercises control over the organs of action and senses by the mind and engages himself in the performance of his duties without attachment is a superior being. One should, therefore, perform his prescribed duty, for action is better than inaction. One cannot even maintain his physical body without action. Performance of the prescribed duty, without attachment, is necessary, as it leads to liberation, whereas any other action leads to bondage.
The present work provides the essence of Srimadbhagvadgita in a simple Hindi language in verse form.
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